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Nonpharmacologic management of chronic pain in the United States' Medicare population: a scoping review protocol.

Rofé KL, Marshall BDL, Merlin JS, Trivedi AN, Shireman TI, Schmidt C, Moyo P. Nonpharmacologic management of chronic pain in the United States' Medicare population: a scoping review protocol. JBI evidence synthesis. 2022 Sep 1; 20(9):2361-2369.

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OBJECTIVE: This objective of this review is to describe the scope of the literature on the access to and use of nonpharmacologic therapies to manage chronic pain among people with disabilities and older adults. INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines recommend nonpharmacologic interventions as first-line therapy for chronic pain management. The importance of nonpharmacologic management is magnified in populations with a high pain burden and multiple chronic conditions, such as people living with a disability and/or older adults, many of whom are enrolled in Medicare. Understanding the utilization of nonpharmacologic therapies for pain is critical to guide effective pain management delivery and policy. INCLUSION CRITERIA: This scoping review will consider studies of Medicare beneficiaries and Medicare-eligible individuals who have chronic pain. Noninvasive and nonpharmacologic treatments for pain identified in clinical guidelines will be included. We will exclude studies exclusively focused on acute pain, cancer pain, palliative care and hospice settings, cannabis-based treatment, and pharmacologic therapies. Studies conducted outside the United States will be excluded. METHODS: The proposed scoping review will be conducted in accordance with JBI methodology. The search strategy has been developed in consultation with a public health librarian and will be carried out in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SocINDEX, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. The search will be limited to results published in English since January 1, 1990. Two independent reviewers will screen all titles and abstracts and then full-text articles. Data will be extracted and summarized in diagrammatic, tabular, and narrative formats. SCOPING REVIEW REGISTRATION: Open Science Framework ( ).

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