Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Demographics of Current and Aspiring Integrated Six-year Cardiothoracic Surgery Trainees.

Olive JK, Yost CC, Robinson JA, Brescia AA, Han JJ, Haney JC, Forbess JM, Varghese TK, Backhus LM, Cooke DT, Cornwell LD, Preventza OA. Demographics of Current and Aspiring Integrated Six-year Cardiothoracic Surgery Trainees. The Annals of thoracic surgery. 2023 Mar 1; 115(3):771-777.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


BACKGROUND: The integrated 6-year thoracic surgery (I-6) residency model was developed in part to promote early interest in cardiothoracic surgery in diverse trainees. To determine gaps in and opportunities for recruitment of women and minority groups in the pipeline for I-6 residency, we quantified rates of progression at each training level and trends over time. METHODS: We obtained 2015 to 2019 medical student, I-6 applicant, and I-6 resident gender and race/ethnicity demographic data from the American Association of Medical Colleges and Electronic Residency Application Service public databases and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Data Resource Books. We performed ?, Fisher exact, and Cochran-Armitage tests for trend to compare 2015 and 2019. RESULTS: Our cross-sectional analysis found increased representation of women and all non-White races/ethnicities, except Native American, at each training level from 2015 to 2019 (P < .001 for all). The greatest trends in increases were seen in the proportions of women (28% vs 22%, P  = .46) and Asian/Pacific Islander (25% vs 15%, P  = .08) applicants. There was also an increase in the proportions of women (28% vs 24%, P  = .024) and White (61% vs 58%, P  = .007) I-6 residents, with a trend for Asian/Pacific Islanders (20% vs 17%, P  = .08). The proportions of Hispanic (5%) and Black/African American (2%) I-6 residents in 2019 remained low. CONCLUSIONS: I-6 residency matriculation is not representative of medical student demographics and spotlights a need to foster early interest in cardiothoracic surgery among all groups underrepresented in medicine while ensuring that we mitigate bias in residency recruitment.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.