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Coordinating assessment of spiritual needs: a cross-walk of narrative and psychometric assessment tools used in palliative care.
Perry KR, King HA, Parker R, Steinhauser KE. Coordinating assessment of spiritual needs: a cross-walk of narrative and psychometric assessment tools used in palliative care. Journal of health care chaplaincy. 2021 Apr 28; 28(3):365-377.
Addressing spiritual needs of patients in healthcare settings improves patient experiences and clinical outcomes; however, non-chaplain providers typically assess spiritual needs differently (quantitative psychometric) than healthcare chaplains (long form narrative) and thus there is little shared language or cross-disciplinary evaluation frameworks across disciplines. This discrepancy impedes the provision of both team-based and patient-centered care. This paper used scoping review methodology to illustrate the overlap between narrative and psychometric assessment tools, comparing four narrative tools against eight psychometric tools. The SpNQ-120 and Brief RCOPE demonstrated consistent domain coverage across the four chaplain narrative tools. This work provides preliminary resources to aid clinicians and researchers in choosing an appropriate tool. Additionally, for those who do not work closely with chaplains, it provides a sense of what domains chaplains prioritize, from their professional and lived experience, in assessing the spiritual life of the patient. This improves interdisciplinary communication, and therefore, patient care.