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Shin MH, Montano AL, Adjognon OL, Harvey KLL, Solimeo SL, Sullivan JL. Identification of Implementation Strategies Using the CFIR-ERIC Matching Tool to Mitigate Barriers in a Primary Care Model for Older Veterans. The Gerontologist. 2023 Mar 21; 63(3):439-450.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As the proportion of the U.S. population over 65 and living with complex chronic conditions grows, understanding how to strengthen the implementation of age-sensitive primary care models for older adults, such as the Veterans Health Administration''s Geriatric Patient-Aligned Care Teams (GeriPACT), is critical. However, little is known about which implementation strategies can best help to mitigate barriers to adopting these models. We aimed to identify barriers to GeriPACT implementation and strategies to address these barriers using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research-Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (CFIR-ERIC) Matching Tool. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a content analysis of qualitative responses obtained from a web-based survey sent to GeriPACT members. Using a matrix approach, we grouped similar responses into key barrier categories. After mapping barriers to CFIR, we used the Tool to identify recommended strategies. RESULTS: Across 53 Veterans Health Administration hospitals, 32% of team members (n = 197) responded to our open-ended question about barriers to GeriPACT care. Barriers identified include Available Resources, Networks and Communication, Design Quality and Packaging, Knowledge and Beliefs, Leadership Engagement, and Relative Priority. The Tool recommended 12 Level 1 (e.g., conduct educational meetings) and 24 Level 2 ERIC strategies (e.g., facilitation). Several strategies (e.g., conduct local consensus discussions) cut across multiple barriers. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Strategies identified by the Tool can inform on-going development of the GeriPACT model''s effective implementation and sustainment. Incorporating cross-cutting implementation strategies that mitigate multiple barriers at once may further support these next steps.