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Timing and Cost of Wound Complications After Colorectal Resection.

Graham LA, Wagner TH, Sambare TD, Hawn MT. Timing and Cost of Wound Complications After Colorectal Resection. Diseases of The Colon and Rectum. 2021 Dec 1; 64(12):1551-1558.

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BACKGROUND: More than 50% of postoperative wound complications occur after discharge. They are the most common postoperative complication and the most common reason for readmission after a surgical procedure. Little is known about the long-term costs of postdischarge wound complications after surgery. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand the differences in costs and characteristics of wound complications identified after hospital discharge for patients undergoing colorectal surgery in comparison with in-hospital complications. DESIGN: This is an observational cohort study using Veterans Health Administration Surgical Quality Improvement Program data. SETTING: This study was conducted at a Veterans Affairs medical center. SETTING: Patients undergoing colorectal resection between October 1, 2007 and September 30, 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes measured were adjusted costs of care at discharge, 30 days, and 90 days after surgery. RESULTS: Of 20,146 procedures, 11.9% had a wound complication within 30 days of surgery (49.2% index-hospital, 50.8% postdischarge). In comparison with patients with index-hospital complications, patients with postdischarge complications had fewer superficial infections (65.0% vs 72.2%, p < 0.01), more organ/space surgical site infections (14.3% vs 10.1%, p < 0.01), and higher rates of diabetes (29.1% vs 25.0%, p = 0.02), and they were to have had a laparoscopic approach for their surgery (24.7% vs 18.2%, p < 0.01). The average cost including surgery at 30 days was $37,315 (SD = $29,319). Compared with index-hospital wound complications, postdischarge wound complications were $9500 (22%, p < 0.001) less expensive at 30 days and $9736 (15%, p < 0.001) less expensive at 90 days. Patients with an index-hospital wound complication were 40% less likely to require readmission at 30 days, but their readmissions were $12,518 more expensive than readmissions among patients with a newly identified postdischarge wound complication (p < 0.001). LIMITATIONS: This study was limited to patient characteristics and costs accrued only within the Veterans Affairs system. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with postdischarge wound complications have lower 30- and 90-day postoperative costs than those with wound complications identified during their index hospitalization and almost half were managed as an outpatient. TIEMPO Y COSTO DE LAS COMPLICACIONES LA HERIDA DESPUS DE LA RESECCIN COLORRECTAL: ANTECEDENTES:Más del 50% de complicaciones postoperatorias de la herida ocurren después del alta. Es la complicación postoperatoria más común y el motivo más frecuente de reingreso después del procedimiento quirúrgico. Poco se sabe sobre los costos a largo plazo de las complicaciones de la herida después del alta quirúrgica.OBJETIVO:Intentar en comprender las diferencias en los costos y las características de las complicaciones de la herida, identificadas después del alta hospitalaria, en pacientes sometidos a cirugía colorrectal, en comparación con las complicaciones intrahospitalarias.DISEÑO:Estudio de cohorte observacional utilizando datos del Programa de Mejora de la Calidad Quirúrgica de la Administración de Salud de Veteranos.ENTORNO CLÍNICO:Administración de Veteranos.PACIENTES:Pacientes sometidos a resección colorrectal entre el 1/10/2007 y el 30/9/2014.PRINCIPALES MEDIDAS DE VALORACIÓN:Costos de atención ajustados al alta, 30 días y 90 días después de la cirugía.RESULTADOS:De 20146 procedimientos, el 11,9% tuvo una complicación de la herida dentro de los 30 días de la cirugía. (49,2% índice hospitalario, 50,8% después del alta). En comparación con los pacientes, del índice de complicaciones hospitalarias, los pacientes con complicaciones posteriores al alta, tuvieron menos infecciones superficiales (65,0% frente a 72,2%, p < 0,01), más infecciones de órganos/espacios quirúrgicos (14,3% frente a 10,1%, p < 0,01), tasas más altas de diabetes (29,1% versus 25,0%, p = 0,02), y deberían de haber tenido un abordaje laparoscópico para su cirugía (24,7% versus 18,2%, p < 0,01). El costo promedio, incluida la cirugía a los 30 días, fue de $ 37,315 (desviación estándar = $ 29,319). En comparación con el índice de complicaciones de las herida hospitalaria, las complicaciones de la herida después del alta fueron $ 9,500 (22%, p < 0,001) menor costo a los 30 días y $ 9,736 (15%, p < 0,001) y menor costo a los 90 días. Los pacientes con índice de complicación de la herida hospitalaria, tenían un 40% menos de probabilidades de requerir reingreso a los 30 días, pero sus reingresos eran $ 12,518 más costosos que los reingresos entre los pacientes presentando complicación de la herida recién identificada después del alta (p < 0,001).LIMITACIONES:Limitado a las características del paciente y los costos acumulados solo dentro del sistema VA.CONCLUSIONES:Pacientes con complicaciones de la herida post alta, tienen menores costos postoperatorios a los 30 y 90 días, que aquellos con complicaciones de la herida identificadas durante su índice de hospitalización y aproximadamente la mitad fueron tratados de forma ambulatoria.

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