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Sen R, Caplan L. Current treatment and molecular targets for axial spondyloarthritis: Evidence from randomized controlled trials. Current opinion in pharmacology. 2022 Dec 1; 67:102307.
Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that predominantly affects the axial skeleton and is characterized by inflammatory back pain. While much has been published regarding non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, other classes of medications which leverage alternate molecular mechanisms receive less attention. In this review, we summarize a few of the novel targets in axSpA, review the putative mechanism of action of therapies that focus on these targets, and reference the germane recently completed, ongoing, or proposed randomized controlled clinical trials. The agents addressed include inhibitors of interleukin-23, interleukin-17, janus kinases, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, macrophage migration inhibitory factor, antibodies recognizing T cell receptor beta variable 9 gene positive clones, as well as inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase-2.