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Burningham Z, Lagha RR, Duford-Hutchinson B, Callaway-Lane C, Sauer BC, Halwani AS, Bell J, Huynh T, Douglas JR, Kramer BJ. Developing the VA Geriatric Scholars Programs' Clinical Dashboards Using the PDSA Framework for Quality Improvement. Applied clinical informatics. 2022 Aug 1; 13(4):961-970.
BACKGROUND: Involving clinician end users in the development process of clinical dashboards is important to ensure that user needs are adequately met prior to releasing the dashboard for use. The challenge with following this approach is that clinician end users can undergo periodic turnover, meaning, the clinicians that played a role in the initial development process may not be the same individuals that use the dashboard in future. OBJECTIVES: Here, we summarize our Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA)-guided clinical dashboard development process for the VA Geriatric Scholars Program (GSP) and the value of continuous, iterative development. We summarize dashboard adaptations that resulted from two PDSA cycles of improvement for the potentially inappropriate medication dashboard (PIMD), one of many Geriatric Scholars clinical dashboards. We also present the evaluative performance of the PIMD. METHODS: Evaluation of the PIMD was performed using the system usability scale (SUS) and through review of user interaction logs. Routine end users that were Geriatric Scholars and had evidence of 5 or more dashboard views were invited to complete an electronic form that contained the 10-item SUS. RESULTS: The proportion of Geriatric Scholars that utilized the PIMD increased for each iterative dashboard version that was produced as a byproduct from feedback (31.0% in 2017 to 60.2% in 2019). The overall usability of the PIMD among routine users was found to be above average (SUS score: 75.2 [95% CI 70.5-79.8]) in comparison to the recommended standard of acceptability (SUS score: 68) CONCLUSION: The solicitation of feedback during dashboard orientations led to iterative adaptations of the PIMD that broadened its intended use. The presented PDSA-guided process to clinical dashboard development for the VA GSP can serve as a valuable framework for development teams seeking to produce well-adopted and usable health information technology (IT) innovations.