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Hughes AM, Lin E, Hussain RA, Gibson G, Jurasic MM, Sharp LK, Hubbard CC, Poggensee LE, Evans CT, McGregor JC, Gellad WF, Suda KJ. The feasibility of academic detailing for acute oral pain management in outpatient dentistry: A pilot study. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA. 2022 Aug 5; 63(1):158-163.e6.
BACKGROUND: Opioids are overprescribed in the outpatient dental setting. Therefore, opportunities exist for opioid stewardship. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the feasibility of an academic detailing (AD) intervention to promote appropriate prescribing of opioids in outpatient dentistry. METHODS: We implemented an AD intervention targeting management of acute oral pain in a Midwestern Veterans Affairs outpatient dental facility. The intervention targeted dentists who actively prescribed opioids at the time of the study. The pilot study tested feasibility, adoption, and acceptance of the AD campaign. Visit-based prescribing rates were obtained from the Veterans Health Administration''s Corporate Data Warehouse for baseline and postintervention using difference-in-differences analyses to detect potential changes in health service outcomes. RESULTS: Results indicate moderate levels of feasibility through participation rates (n = 5, 55.5%) and high levels of organizational readiness for change (average of 88.6% agree to strongly agree). Furthermore, fidelity of the AD intervention was high. Adoption measures show moderate indication of motivation to change, and trends suggest that participating dentists decreased their visit-based opioid prescribing rates (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The intervention demonstrated feasibility with some indications of adoption of intervention techniques and decrease in opioid prescribing. We further recommend working closely with frontline providers to gather feedback and buy-in before scaling and implementing the AD campaign.