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Study design for a proactive teachable moment tobacco treatment intervention among patients with pulmonary nodules.

Unger S, Golden SE, Melzer AC, Tanner N, Deepak J, Delorit M, Scott JY, Slatore CG. Study design for a proactive teachable moment tobacco treatment intervention among patients with pulmonary nodules. Contemporary clinical trials. 2022 Oct 1; 121:106908.

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INTRODUCTION: We developed Teachable Moment to Opt-Out of Tobacco (TeaM OUT) as a tobacco treatment intervention based on a foundation of a theoretical model of teachable moments, "naturally occurring life transitions or health events thought to motivate individuals to spontaneously adopt risk-reducing health behaviors". The TeaM OUT intervention combines a teachable moment for patients with newly detected incidental pulmonary nodules with a proactive interactive voice response (IVR) system to increase connections to evidence-based tobacco treatment interventions. METHODS: We will perform a convergent, nested observational mixed-methods study utilizing both randomized trial and observational methods to test the effectiveness and generalizability of the TeaM OUT intervention through three aims. AIM 1: Among patients recently diagnosed with a pulmonary nodule, we will utilize a pragmatic, stepped wedge randomized controlled design to evaluate the effectiveness of a proactive, teachable moment-based, tobacco treatment outreach intervention (TeaM OUT) on increasing engagement with tobacco treatment resources compared to Enhanced Usual Care. AIM 2: Using a longitudinal observational design, we will evaluate the association of receipt of the TeaM OUT intervention with seven-day point abstinence prevalence and quit motivation compared to Enhanced Usual Care. AIM 3: Qualitatively elicit perspectives from key stakeholders to inform acceptability and utility, implementation barriers and facilitators, and scalability of the TeaM OUT intervention. DISCUSSION: We are hopeful that implementation of TeaM OUT will increase the number of patients who quit using cigarettes with subsequent improvements in their health.

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