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Zullig LL, Sung AD, Khouri MG, Jazowski S, Shah NP, Sitlinger A, Blalock DV, Whitney C, Kikuchi R, Bosworth HB, Crowley MJ, Goldstein KM, Klem I, Oeffinger KC, Dent S. Cardiometabolic Comorbidities in Cancer Survivors: State-of-the-Art Review. JACC. CardioOncology. 2022 Jun 1; 4(2):149-165.
There are nearly 17 million cancer survivors in the United States, including those who are currently receiving cancer therapy with curative intent and expected to be long-term survivors, as well as those with chronic cancers such as metastatic disease or chronic lymphocytic leukemia, who will receive cancer therapy for many years. Current clinical practice guidelines focus on lifestyle interventions, such as exercise and healthy eating habits, but generally do not address management strategies for clinicians or strategies to increase adherence to medications. We discuss 3 cardiometabolic comorbidities among cancer survivors and present the prevalence of comorbidities prior to a cancer diagnosis, treatment of comorbidities during cancer therapy, and management considerations of comorbidities in long-term cancer survivors or those on chronic cancer therapy. Approaches to support medication adherence and potential methods to enhance a team approach to optimize care of the individual with cancer across the continuum of disease are discussed.