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The Effect of Two Interventions to Increase Breast Cancer Screening in Rural Women.
Champion VL, Monahan PO, Stump TE, Biederman EB, Vachon E, Katz ML, Rawl SM, Baltic RD, Kettler CD, Zaborski NL, Paskett ED. The Effect of Two Interventions to Increase Breast Cancer Screening in Rural Women. Cancers. 2022 Sep 7; 14(18).
Guideline-based mammography screening is essential to lowering breast cancer mortality, yet women residing in rural areas have lower rates of up to date (UTD) breast cancer screening compared to women in urban areas. We tested the comparative effectiveness of a tailored DVD, and the DVD plus patient navigation (PN) intervention vs. Usual Care (UC) for increasing the percentage of rural women (aged 50 to 74) UTD for breast cancer screening, as part of a larger study. Four hundred and two women who were not UTD for breast cancer screening, eligible, and between the ages of 50 to 74 were recruited from rural counties in Indiana and Ohio. Consented women were randomly assigned to one of three groups after baseline assessment of sociodemographic variables, health status, beliefs related to cancer screening tests, and history of receipt of guideline-based screening. The mean age of participants was 58.2 years with 97% reporting White race. After adjusting for covariates, 54% of women in the combined intervention (DVD + PN) had a mammogram within the 12-month window, over 5 times the rate of becoming UTD compared to UC (OR = 5.11; 95% CI = 2.57, 10.860; andlt; 0.001). Interactions of the intervention with other variables were not significant. Significant predictors of being UTD included: being in contemplation stage (intending to have a mammogram in the next 6 months), being UTD with other cancer screenings, having more disposable income and receiving a reminder for breast screening. Women who lived in areas with greater Area Deprivation Index scores (a measure of poverty) were less likely to become UTD with breast cancer screening. For rural women who were not UTD with mammography screening, the addition of PN to a tailored DVD significantly improved the uptake of mammography. Attention should be paid to certain groups of women most at risk for not receiving UTD breast screening to improve breast cancer outcomes in rural women.