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It Takes a Village: Interpersonal Factors That Enhance Management of Heart Failure.

Risbud RD, Kim JS, Trivedi RB. It Takes a Village: Interpersonal Factors That Enhance Management of Heart Failure. The Journal of cardiovascular nursing. 2022 Sep 1; 37(5):E160-E168.

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BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) management can be improved by involving framily (family and friends) who provide valuable support. Less is known about how dyadic interactions or interactions between dyads and their extended care networks positively impact life with HF. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the positive behavioral, cognitive, and social factors through which patient-framily dyads manage health together. METHODS: Heart failure patient-framily dyads were recruited through Stanford heart failure clinics. Participants completed a 45-minute semistructured interview that elicited their experiences with managing HF. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed for analysis, and independently coded by 2 team members using thematic analyses. RESULTS: Seventeen dyads (n = 34) participated in the study; 47% of patients and 78% of framily were women. Mean (SD) age of patients was 66 (14) years, and mean (SD) age of framily caregivers was 59 (12.3) years. Three themes showcased the positive contributions of dyadic HF management: (1) management of HF was perceived as successful when individuals in a dyad both received support from a shared care network; (2) when strength of the interpersonal relationship and love were the main motivators for care, dyads reported a positive outlook on quality of life with HF; and (3) the framily caregivers'' own health conditions affected the dyadic relationship and perceived success with HF management. CONCLUSIONS: Social support by an external network and mutual support within a patient-framily dyad both create an environment of optimism and effective coping, making successful HF management possible. A dyad''s success with these factors may result in better condition management and perceived quality of life.

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