Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Effectiveness-implementation trial comparing a family model of diabetes self-management education and support with a standard model.

Mayberry LS, Felix HC, Hudson J, Curran GM, Long CR, Selig JP, Carleton A, Baig A, Warshaw H, Peyrot M, McElfish PA. Effectiveness-implementation trial comparing a family model of diabetes self-management education and support with a standard model. Contemporary clinical trials. 2022 Oct 1; 121:106921.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) is an effective approach for improving diabetes self-care behaviors to achieve improved glycemic management and other health outcomes. Engaging family members may improve outcomes, both for the person with diabetes (PWD) and for the family members. However, family models of DSMES have been inconsistently defined and delivered. We operationalize Family-DSMES to be generalizable and replicable, detail our protocol for a comparative effectiveness trial comparing Standard-DSMES with Family-DSMES on outcomes for PWDs and family members, and detail our mixed-methods implementation evaluation plan. METHODS: We will examine Family-DSMES relative to Standard-DSMES using a Hybrid Type 1 effectiveness-implementation design. Participants are 18 years old with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hemoglobin A1c  7.0%, recruited from rural and urban primary care clinics that are part of an academic medical center. Each participant invites a family member. Dyads are randomly assigned to Family- or Standard-DSMES, delivered in a small-group format via telehealth. Data are collected at baseline, immediately post-intervention, and 6-, 12-, and 18-months post-intervention. Outcomes include PWDs' hemoglobin A1c (primary), other biometric, behavioral, and psychosocial outcomes (secondary), and family members' diabetes-related distress, involvement in the PWD's diabetes management, self-efficacy for providing support, and biometric outcomes (exploratory). Our mixed-methods implementation evaluation will include process data collected during the trial and stakeholder interviews guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research. CONCLUSION: Results will fill knowledge gaps about which type of DSMES may be most effective and guide Family-DSMES implementation efforts. REGISTRATION: The trial is pre-registered at (#NCT04334109).

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.