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Status of hospital infection prevention practices in Thailand in the era of COVID-19: Results from a national survey.

Thaprawat P, Greene MT, Saint S, Kasatpibal N, Fowler KE, Apisarnthanarak A. Status of hospital infection prevention practices in Thailand in the era of COVID-19: Results from a national survey. American journal of infection control. 2022 Sep 1; 50(9):975-980.

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BACKGROUND: A 2014 study assessed infection prevention (IP) practices in Thai hospitals for catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). This study compares current IP practices to results obtained in 2014. METHODS: Between February 1, 2021 and August 31, 2021, we resurveyed Thai hospitals regarding practices to prevent CAUTI, CLABSI, and VAP. We also assessed COVID-19 impact and healthcare worker burnout and coping strategies. We distributed 100 surveys to a convenience sample of infection preventionists. RESULTS: Response rate: 100%. One-third (31%) of hospitals reported excellent leadership support for infection control (ie, responses of "good" or "excellent" to one survey question). Some prevention practices increased between 2014 vs 2021 (CAUTI: catheter reminder/stop-order/nurse-initiated discontinuation [50.0% vs 70.0%, P < .001]; condom catheters [36.3% vs 51.0%, P  =  .01]; ultrasound bladder scanner [4.7% vs 12.0%, P  =  .03]; CLABSI: chlorhexidine gluconate insertion site antisepsis [73.6% vs 85.0%, P  =  .03]; maximum sterile barrier precautions [63.2% vs 80.0%, P  =  .003]; VAP: selective digestive tract decontamination [26.9% vs 40.0%, P  =  .02]). Antimicrobial catheter use decreased since 2014 (10.4% vs 3.0%, P < .001). Many other practices remain suboptimal. COVID-19 challenges: staff shortages (71%), financial hardships (67%). Only 46% of infection preventionists felt safe working during COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: More national strategic support is needed for IP programs to prevent CAUTI, CLABSI, VAP and healthcare worker well-being in Thailand during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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