Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Predictors of alcohol use disorder treatment outcomes over 12 months: Role of concerned others' functioning and Al-Anon participation.

Cucciare MA, Han X, Timko C. Predictors of alcohol use disorder treatment outcomes over 12 months: Role of concerned others' functioning and Al-Anon participation. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2022 Sep 1; 238:109546.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

BACKGROUND: This study included dyads comprised of adults entering treatment for alcohol use disorder and their Concerned Others (COs) to examine indicators of COs functioning (Al-Anon attendance and involvement, relationship stressors, use of approach coping and stigma) as predictors of patient outcomes (Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) attendance and involvement, abstinence and risk of substance use) over 12 months following adults' entry into AUD treatment. METHODS: Dyads (n  =  279) were assessed when patients entered treatment and at 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Data were collected through participants' self-report. Lagged generalized linear mixed models were used to examine associations between indicators of COs' functioning at baseline, 3- and 6-month follow-ups and patients' outcomes at 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-ups. RESULTS: Patients reported less AA attendance and involvement and likelihood of maintaining abstinence from alcohol use over time. Findings from our multivariate analysis showed that any CO involvement in Al-Anon, relative to none, was associated with more patient AA attendance. In contrast, more stigma (e.g., need to hide patient's drinking) reported by COs was associated with lower patient AA participation and involvement, while more CO use of approach coping was associated with less patient risk for alcohol and drug use. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that COs' functioning can affect longer-term outcomes of adults entering AUD treatment. Treatment programs should increase the availability of help to COs to improve their functioning and patient outcomes.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.