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Photodynamic therapy for stage I and II non-small cell lung cancer: A SEER-Medicare analysis 2000-2016.

Chhatre S, Murgu S, Vachani A, Jayadevappa R. Photodynamic therapy for stage I and II non-small cell lung cancer: A SEER-Medicare analysis 2000-2016. Medicine. 2022 Mar 18; 101(11).

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ABSTRACT: We analyzed mortality (all-cause and lung cancer-specific) and time to follow-up treatment in stage I and II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) compared with ablation therapy and radiation therapy.From Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare linked data, patients diagnosed with stage I and II NSCLC between 2000 and 2015 were identified. Outcomes were mortality (overall and lung cancer-specific) and time to follow-up treatment. We analyzed mortality using Cox proportional hazard models. We used generalized linear model to assess time to follow-up treatment (PDT and ablation groups). Models were adjusted for inverse probability weighted propensity score.Of 495,441 NSCLC patients, 56 with stage I and II disease received PDT (mono or multi-modal), 477 received ablation (mono or multi-modal), and 14,178 received radiation therapy alone. None from PDT group had metastatic disease (M0) and 70% had no nodal involvement (N0). Compared with radiation therapy alone, PDT therapy was associated with lower hazard of overall (hazard ratio = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.39-0.80), and lung cancer-specific mortality (hazard ratio = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.43-0.97). Unadjusted mean time to follow-up treatment was 70days (standard deviation = 146) for PDT group and 67 days (standard deviation = 174) for ablation group. Compared with ablation, PDT was associated with an average increase of 125days to follow-up treatment (P = .11).Among stage I and II NSCLC patients, PDT was associated with improved survival, compared with radiation alone; and longer time to follow-up treatment compared with ablation. Currently, PDT is offered in various combinations with surgery and radiation. Larger studies can investigate the efficacy and effectiveness of these combinations.

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