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The Perioperative Pain Self-Management (PePS) randomized controlled trial protocol: Preventing chronic post-surgical pain and prolonged opioid use.

Hadlandsmyth K, Burgess DJ, Leparski RF, Odom AS, Campbell EJ, Obrecht AA, Adamowicz JL, Cho H, Steffensmeier KS, Johnson NL, Richards CC, Vander Weg MW, Lund BC, Yoon P, Mosher HJ. The Perioperative Pain Self-Management (PePS) randomized controlled trial protocol: Preventing chronic post-surgical pain and prolonged opioid use. Contemporary clinical trials. 2022 Jul 1; 118:106810.

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BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasties are common orthopedic surgeries that carry risk for developing chronic post-surgical pain. In addition to pre- and post-operative pain severity, psychological distress (e.g., anxiety, pain catastrophizing) is a risk factor for chronic postsurgical pain. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for chronic pain is an empirically supported approach to managing chronic pain, functional impairment, and related distress. While CBT has been used extensively in patients with established chronic pain, using it as a preventive intervention targeting the transition from acute to chronic postsurgical pain is a novel application. OBJECTIVES: The Perioperative Pain Self-Management (PePS) program is a pain self-management intervention based on the principles of CBT. This innovative intervention is brief, flexible, and is delivered remotely. The current study aims to determine the efficacy of PePS compared to standard care on reducing the incidence of significant surgical site pain at 6-months post-surgery. The current study also aims to evaluate the context for subsequent implementation. METHODS: This study is a hybrid type I efficacy-preparing for implementation trial. It is a two-site, single-blind, two-arm, parallel, randomized control trial. Surgical patients will be randomized to either receive: 1) PePS plus standard care, or 2) Standard care. The primary end point will be surgical site pain severity at 6-months post-surgery. CONCLUSION: Results from this study are expected to result in support for a brief scalable intervention (PePS) that can prevent the development of chronic pain and prolonged post-surgical opioid use, as well as key details to inform subsequent implementation. CLINICALTRIALS: govIdentifier:NCT04979429.

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