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Comparable Survival for Hepatitis C-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation Irrespective of Viremic Status.

Lymberopoulos P, Shaikh A, Rich NE, Benhammou JN, Kanwal F, Cholankeril G. Comparable Survival for Hepatitis C-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Liver Transplantation Irrespective of Viremic Status. Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association. 2022 Mar 26.

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Abstract:

Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is efficacious and well-tolerated in the post-liver transplant (LT) setting, prompting increased use of donors with HCV infection in patients waitlisted for LT. Although the incidence of nonviral hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rising, HCV remains the most common risk factor for HCC among patients listed for LT in the United States. The use and outcomes of HCV-infected donors among patients with active HCV viremia waitlisted for (HCV-HCC) is lacking. Our aim was to evaluate post-LT survival among patients with HCV-HCC based on both recipient (active vs cured HCV) and donor (HCV+ vs HCV-) viremic status. Using the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) registry, we analyzed all adult patients with HCV-HCC who underwent LT and had available recipient/donor HCV nucleic acid test (NAT) results from March 31, 2015 (date UNOS began reporting donor NAT) through June 30, 2021. Patients with acute liver failure, simultaneous organ transplant, previous LT, and those missing recipient and/or donor NAT results were excluded.





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