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Clinician documentation of patient centered care in the electronic health record.

Butler JM, Gibson B, Patterson OV, Damschroder LJ, Halls CH, Denhalter DW, Samore MH, Li H, Zhang Y, DuVall SL. Clinician documentation of patient centered care in the electronic health record. BMC medical informatics and decision making. 2022 Mar 12; 22(1):65.

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BACKGROUND: In this study we sought to explore the possibility of using patient centered care (PCC) documentation as a measure of the delivery of PCC in a health system. METHODS: We first selected 6 VA medical centers based on their scores for a measure of support for self-management subscale from a national patient satisfaction survey (the Survey for Healthcare Experience-Patients). We accessed clinical notes related to either smoking cessation or weight management consults. We then annotated this dataset of notes for documentation of PCC concepts including: patient goals, provider support for goal progress, social context, shared decision making, mention of caregivers, and use of the patient''s voice. We examined the association of documentation of PCC with patients'' perception of support for self-management with regression analyses. RESULTS: Two health centers had? < 50 notes related to either tobacco cessation or weight management consults and were removed from further analysis. The resulting dataset includes 477 notes related to 311 patients total from 4 medical centers. For a majority of patients (201 out of 311; 64.8%) at least one PCC concept was present in their clinical notes. The most common PCC concepts documented were patient goals (patients n? = 126; 63% clinical notes n? = 302; 63%), patient voice (patients n? = 165, 82%; clinical notes n? = 323, 68%), social context (patients n? = 105, 52%; clinical notes n? = 181, 38%), and provider support for goal progress (patients n? = 124, 62%; clinical notes n? = 191, 40%). Documentation of goals for weight loss notes was greater at health centers with higher satisfaction scores compared to low. No such relationship was found for notes related to tobacco cessation. CONCLUSION: Providers document PCC concepts in their clinical notes. In this pilot study we explored the feasibility of using this data as a means to measure the degree to which care in a health center is patient centered. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: clinical EHR notes are a rich source of information about PCC that could potentially be used to assess PCC over time and across systems with scalable technologies such as natural language processing.

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