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Actigraphy-derived sleep health profiles and mortality in older men and women.

Wallace ML, Lee S, Stone KL, Hall MH, Smagula SF, Redline S, Ensrud K, Ancoli-Israel S, Buysse DJ. Actigraphy-derived sleep health profiles and mortality in older men and women. Sleep. 2022 Apr 11; 45(4).

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Abstract:

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify actigraphy sleep health profiles in older men (Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study; N = 2640) and women (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures; N = 2430), and to determine whether profile predicts mortality. METHODS: We applied a novel and flexible clustering approach (Multiple Coalesced Generalized Hyperbolic mixture modeling) to identify sleep health profiles based on actigraphy midpoint timing, midpoint variability, sleep interval length, maintenance, and napping/inactivity. Adjusted Cox models were used to determine whether profile predicts time to all-cause mortality. RESULTS: We identified similar profiles in men and women: High Sleep Propensity [HSP] (20% of women; 39% of men; high napping and high maintenance); Adequate Sleep [AS] (74% of women; 31% of men; typical actigraphy levels); and Inadequate Sleep [IS] (6% of women; 30% of men; low maintenance and late/variable midpoint). In women, IS was associated with increased mortality risk (Hazard Ratio [HR] = 1.59 for IS vs. AS; 1.75 for IS vs. HSP). In men, AS and IS were associated with increased mortality risk (1.19 for IS vs. HSP; 1.22 for AS vs. HSP). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest several considerations for sleep-related interventions in older adults. Low maintenance with late/variable midpoint is associated with increased mortality risk and may constitute a specific target for sleep health interventions. High napping/inactivity co-occurs with high sleep maintenance in some older adults. Although high napping/inactivity is typically considered a risk factor for deleterious health outcomes, our findings suggest that it may not increase risk when it occurs in combination with high sleep maintenance.





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