Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Actigraphy-derived sleep health profiles and mortality in older men and women.

Wallace ML, Lee S, Stone KL, Hall MH, Smagula SF, Redline S, Ensrud K, Ancoli-Israel S, Buysse DJ. Actigraphy-derived sleep health profiles and mortality in older men and women. Sleep. 2022 Apr 11; 45(4).

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify actigraphy sleep health profiles in older men (Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study; N = 2640) and women (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures; N = 2430), and to determine whether profile predicts mortality. METHODS: We applied a novel and flexible clustering approach (Multiple Coalesced Generalized Hyperbolic mixture modeling) to identify sleep health profiles based on actigraphy midpoint timing, midpoint variability, sleep interval length, maintenance, and napping/inactivity. Adjusted Cox models were used to determine whether profile predicts time to all-cause mortality. RESULTS: We identified similar profiles in men and women: High Sleep Propensity [HSP] (20% of women; 39% of men; high napping and high maintenance); Adequate Sleep [AS] (74% of women; 31% of men; typical actigraphy levels); and Inadequate Sleep [IS] (6% of women; 30% of men; low maintenance and late/variable midpoint). In women, IS was associated with increased mortality risk (Hazard Ratio [HR] = 1.59 for IS vs. AS; 1.75 for IS vs. HSP). In men, AS and IS were associated with increased mortality risk (1.19 for IS vs. HSP; 1.22 for AS vs. HSP). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest several considerations for sleep-related interventions in older adults. Low maintenance with late/variable midpoint is associated with increased mortality risk and may constitute a specific target for sleep health interventions. High napping/inactivity co-occurs with high sleep maintenance in some older adults. Although high napping/inactivity is typically considered a risk factor for deleterious health outcomes, our findings suggest that it may not increase risk when it occurs in combination with high sleep maintenance.

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.