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Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Opioid Reduction in Patients With Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease.

Brintz CE, Cheatle MD, Dember LM, Heapy AA, Jhamb M, Shallcross AJ, Steel JL, Kimmel PL, Cukor D, HOPE Consortium. Nonpharmacologic Treatments for Opioid Reduction in Patients With Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease. Seminars in Nephrology. 2021 Jan 1; 41(1):68-81.

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Opioid analgesics carry risk for serious health-related harms in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease. In the general population with chronic noncancer pain, there is some evidence that opioid reduction or discontinuation is associated with improved pain outcomes; however, tapering opioids abruptly or without providing supportive interventions can lead to physical and psychological harms and relapse of opioid use. There is emerging evidence that nonpharmacologic treatments such as psychosocial interventions, acupuncture, and interdisciplinary pain management programs are effective approaches to support opioid dose reduction in patients experiencing persistent pain, but research in this area still is relatively new. This review describes the current evidence for nonpharmacologic interventions to support opioid reduction in non-CKD patients with pain and discusses the application of the available evidence to patients with advanced CKD who are prescribed opioids to manage pain.

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