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You have an effective brief intervention (BI) for young adults, now what? Concrete strategies to advance BI implementation in usual care settings.

Becker SJ, Scott K, Elwy AR. You have an effective brief intervention (BI) for young adults, now what? Concrete strategies to advance BI implementation in usual care settings. Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors. 2022 Sep 1; 36(6):724-735.

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Risky drinking remains high among young adults and is associated with negative health-related consequences. Brief interventions (BIs) are an evidence-based practice for risky drinking that are particularly well suited for young adults. However, the widespread implementation of BIs remains challenging. This article highlights guiding principles for researchers and clinicians seeking to implement BI for young adults. Five guiding principles for the implementation of BIs for young adults with risky drinking are introduced as follows: (a) selecting an implementation model; (b) considering contextual factors; (c) specifying an implementation strategy; (d) assessing implementation outcomes; and (e) embracing hybrid effectiveness-implementation designs. Advancing health equity is considered a key crosscutting theme. Multiple implementation models are discussed including process models, determinant frameworks, classic theories, implementation theories, and evaluation frameworks. Contextual factors impacting BI implementation are then considered across multiple levels within an organization. Next, we present methods for selecting implementation strategies and discuss implementation outcomes that can be measured during preimplementation, implementation, and sustainability phases. Finally, we encourage employing hybrid effectiveness-implementation designs to reduce the BI science-practice gap. Guiding principles are illustrated with examples from two National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism-funded studies exploring BI implementation domestically and internationally. This article introduces foundational principles and emerging strategies to nonspecialist researchers, clinicians, and policymakers seeking to enhance the dissemination and implementation of BIs. Advancing the dissemination and implementation of BIs is essential to ensure that investments in BI research are fully realized to equitably improve public health. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

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