HSR&D Citation Abstract
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Massed cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder in women survivors of intimate partner violence.
Galovski TE, Werner KB, Weaver TL, Morris KL, Dondanville KA, Nanney J, Wamser-Nanney R, McGlinchey G, Fortier CB, Iverson KM. Massed cognitive processing therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder in women survivors of intimate partner violence. Psychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy. 2021 Sep 2.
Survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) report significant trauma histories, high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), head injuries and comorbid disorders, and multiple barriers to treatment that often preclude the regular attendance and engagement required in typical therapy protocols. The significant challenges faced by IPV survivors needing treatment may be ameliorated by condensing effective treatments for PTSD, such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT), in an accelerated delivery timeline.
Using a multiple subject, single case design of six matched pairs of 12 female IPV survivors, we preliminarily tested the relative effectiveness of individual massed CPT delivered over 5 days (mCPT) as compared with standard CPT (sCPT) delivery in women IPV survivors. Assessments included full psychiatric diagnostic interviews, clinical interviews assessing trauma history and head injury prior to treatment, symptom monitoring during treatment, and full repeat assessments at 1 month and 3 months following treatment.
No treatment group effect was found for PTSD severity between mCPT and sCPT among intention-to-treat, (1, 10) = .01, = .93. Both mCPT and sCPT were associated with significant improvement in PTSD, (2, 20) = 45.05, < .001, s = 1.32-2.38).
Overall, findings indicate mCPT appears effective in reducing psychological symptoms for women IPV survivors and suggest that condensed treatment is both palatable and feasible. Accelerated treatment delivery in this population may provide a necessary lifeline for women with IPV-related PTSD. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).