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Gulf War Era Veterans' perspectives on research: a qualitative study.
Grewe ME, Khalil L, Felder K, Goldstein KM, McNeil RB, Sims KJ, Provenzale D, Voils CI. Gulf War Era Veterans' perspectives on research: a qualitative study. Life sciences. 2021 Dec 15; 287:120113.
Many veterans of the 1990-1991 Gulf War Era (GWE) have experienced poorly understood health issues. In response to challenges recruiting this population for research, we conducted focus groups and semi-structured phone interviews with GWE veterans and subject matter experts (SMEs) to explore GWE veterans' perceptions about research.
Transcribed discussions were content-analyzed. Participants discussed research-related motivators and barriers identified among other populations, and nuances that may be specific to GWE veterans.
Examples of motivating factors included: seeking answers about causes of and treatment for health issues; helping oneself; and helping other veterans. Examples of barriers included: distrust and dissatisfaction with federal entities; lack of research follow-through; and concerns about privacy and confidentiality.
Researchers can use this information to better address GWE veterans' concerns and motivate them to participate in research. Inclusion of GWE veterans in research will allow researchers and clinicians to better understand and address health issues affecting this population.