Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Isavuconazonium Sulfate Use in Multi-Modal Management of Invasive Mucormycosis in Four Pediatric Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Patients.

Ferdjallah A, Nelson KM, Meyer K, Jennissen CA, Ebens CL. Isavuconazonium Sulfate Use in Multi-Modal Management of Invasive Mucormycosis in Four Pediatric Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Patients. The journal of pediatric pharmacology and therapeutics : JPPT : the official journal of PPAG. 2021 Nov 10; 26(8):863-867.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

Prolonged neutropenia increases the risk for lethal invasive fungal infections (IFIs) such as those caused by species. Isavuconazonium sulfate is a new triazole that lacks pediatric dosing recommendations. Clinical courses of 4 pediatric patients with IFIs in the peri-allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) period between 2015 and 2017 were reviewed. The reviews included previously unreported pharmacokinetic and safety data, and the IFIs included . Isavuconazonium sulfate was initiated with a loading dose followed by daily dosing, adjusted to a goal trough concentration of > 3 mg/L based on adult literature. This target was achieved at a median of 7 days, demonstrating varying rates of metabolism. Renal insufficiency, electrolyte disturbances, and transaminitis were noted, although attribution was confounded by other alloHCT complications. One patient survived infection-free to hospital discharge and 1 of 3 deceased patients had evidence of an unresolved IFI (case 2). Case 2 was subtherapeutic for 39% of the duration of treatment, compared with others at an average of 29%, suggesting this target trough to be clinically relevant because case 2 demonstrated positive sinus and nasal cultures for on autopsy. We recommend initiation of isavuconazonium 10 mg/kg with a maximum dose of 372 mg. A loading dose of 10 mg/kg is used every 8 hours for 6 doses followed by 10 mg/kg dosing every 24 hours. Monitoring must continue beyond steady state. If early monitoring is not possible, we recommend a first drug level at week 3. If dose increases are required, a partial reload has been more successful instead of increasing daily doses. Further larger studies are needed to demonstrate optimum dosing in pediatric patients.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.