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A narrative review of updates in deprescribing research.

Zimmerman KM, Linsky AM. A narrative review of updates in deprescribing research. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2021 Sep 1; 69(9):2619-2624.

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Abstract:

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Deprescribing is a strategy intended to reduce harms associated with potentially inappropriate medications. Reflective of the growing interest in deprescribing, there has been an increase in related research to better understand the landscape, opportunities for improvement, how best to develop and implement interventions, and remaining knowledge gaps that can be addressed with additional study. DESIGN: We conducted a narrative review of recent deprescribing literature. SETTING: As part of the US Deprescribing Network''s inaugural conference in October 2020, we presented a narrative review of recent deprescribing literature to an audience with a range of clinical and research expertise. PARTICIPANTS: We searched four databases for English-language articles published between January 1, 2019 and August 31, 2020. MEASUREMENTS: We evaluated titles, abstracts, and full-length manuscripts for relevance, novelty, rigor and variety of methods; we also aimed for broad representation of authors, institutions, and nations. RESULTS: The initial search returned 199 citations, from which we reviewed 18 full-length manuscripts, selecting 10 articles to present. Salient themes included missed opportunities to deprescribe in potentially eligible patients, with variable impact of medication- and patient-level factors, along with differing perspectives and behaviors between geriatricians, internists, and cardiologists. Clinical, financial, and economic drivers were also evaluated. Finally, attention was given to issues applicable to deprescribing research, including difficulty recruiting trial participants, perspectives of investigators, and integration of findings into clinical practice. CONCLUSION: This narrative review summarizes key advances in the field while also identifying priority areas for additional research.





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