skip to page content
Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

A Cross-Sectional Survey of Internal Medicine Residents' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Current Practices Regarding Patient Transitions to Post-Acute Care.

Limes J, Callister C, Young E, Burke RE, Albert T, Cornia PB, Sehgal R, Jones CD. A Cross-Sectional Survey of Internal Medicine Residents' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Current Practices Regarding Patient Transitions to Post-Acute Care. Journal of The American Medical Directors Association. 2021 Nov 1; 22(11):2344-2349.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


OBJECTIVES: Prior studies have found suboptimal knowledge about post-acute care (PAC) among inpatient providers and poor communication at discharge that can lead to unsafe discharge transitions, but little is known about residents and the PAC transition. The aim of this study is to assess internal medicine residents'' knowledge, attitudes, and current practice regarding patient transitions to PAC. DESIGN: A multisite, cross-sectional 36-question survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Internal Medicine and Medicine-Pediatrics residents at 3 university-based Internal Medicine training programs in the United States. METHODS: Survey delivered electronically to residents in 2018 and 2019. Survey responses were described by collapsing 4-point Likert responses into dichotomous variables, and thematic content analysis was used to evaluate free text responses. RESULTS: Of 482 residents surveyed, 236 responded (49%). Despite high reported confidence in their ability to transition patients to PAC, only 31% of residents knew how often patients received skilled therapies at skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) and 23% knew how frequently nursing services are provided. The majority of residents (79%) identified the discharge summary as the main way they communicated care instructions to the SNF, but only 55% reported always completing it prior to discharge. Upper-level residents were more likely to know how much therapy patients received at a SNF, but resident knowledge about PAC did not vary by residency year in other domains. Residents who experienced a clinical rotation at a SNF had higher levels of knowledge compared to residents who did not. CONCLUSIONS: This national survey of internal medicine residents identified common knowledge gaps regarding PAC. These knowledge gaps did not improve throughout residency without deliberate exposure to PAC environments. This suggests a need for dedicated curriculum development as discharges to PAC continue to rise exponentially.

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.