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Schneider AH, Bair MJ, Helmer DA, Hyde J, Litke D, Lu SE, Rogers ES, Sherman SE, Sotolongo A, Anastasides N, Sullivan N, Graff F, McAndrew LM. Protocol for a type 1 hybrid effectiveness/implementation clinical trial of collaborative specialty care for Veterans with Gulf War Illness. Life sciences. 2022 Mar 1; 292:120004.
AIMS: We describe a clinical trial which is seeking to determine the effectiveness and understand implementation outcomes for tele-collaborative specialty care for Veterans with Gulf War Illness (GWI). MAIN METHODS: This study will be a hybrid type 1 randomized effectiveness-implementation trial comparing tele-collaborative specialty care to electronic consultation for Gulf War Veterans with GWI (N = 220). In tele-collaborative specialty care, the specialty provider team will deliver health coaching and problem-solving treatment to Veterans and recommend a plan for analgesic optimization. In electronic consultation, the specialty provider team will make a one-time recommendation to the primary care team for locally delivered health coaching, problem-solving treatment and analgesic optimization. The primary aim will be to determine the effectiveness of tele-collaborative specialty care as compared to electronic consultation to reduce disability related to GWI. Our secondary aim will be to understand implementation outcomes. SIGNIFICANCE: There is a need to improve care for Veterans with GWI. A potentially useful model to improve care is tele-collaborative specialty care, where the specialists work with the primary care provider to synergistically treat the patients. DISCUSSION: This is the first clinical trial to prospectively compare different models of care for Veterans with GWI. This responds to multiple calls for research to improve treatment for Veterans with GWI, including from the National Academy of Medicine.