Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

An Interrupted Time-series Evaluation of the Association Between State Laws Mandating Prescriber Use of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Discontinuation of Chronic Opioid Therapy in US Veterans.

Arnold J, Zhao X, Cashy JP, Sileanu FE, Mor MK, Moyo P, Thorpe CT, Good CB, Radomski TR, Fine MJ, Gellad WF. An Interrupted Time-series Evaluation of the Association Between State Laws Mandating Prescriber Use of Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Discontinuation of Chronic Opioid Therapy in US Veterans. Medical care. 2021 Dec 1; 59(12):1042-1050.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Most states have recently passed laws requiring prescribers to use prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) before prescribing opioid medications. The impact of these mandates on discontinuing chronic opioid therapy among Veterans managed in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) is unknown. We assess the association between the earliest of these laws and discontinuation of chronic opioid therapy in Veterans receiving VA health care. METHODS: We conducted a comparative interrupted time-series study in the 5 states mandating PDMP use before August 2013 (Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky, New Mexico, and Tennessee), adjusting for trends in the 17 neighboring control states without such mandates. We modeled 25 months of prescribing for each state centered on the month the mandate became effective. We included Veterans prescribed long-term outpatient opioid therapy (305 of the preceding 365?d). Our outcomes were discontinuation of chronic opioid therapy (primary outcome) and the average daily quantity of opioids per Veteran over the following 6 months (secondary outcome). RESULTS: We included 250 monthly cohorts with 225,665 unique Veterans and 3.4 million Veteran-months. Baseline discontinuation rates before the PDMP mandates were 0.4%-2.7% per month. Kentucky saw a discontinuation increase of 1 absolute percentage point following its PDMP mandate which decreased over time. The other 4 states had no significant association between their mandates and change in opioid discontinuation. There was no evidence of decreasing opioid quantities following PDMP mandates. CONCLUSION: We did not find consistent evidence that state laws mandating provider PDMP use were associated with the discontinuation of chronic opioid therapy within the VA for the time period studied.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.