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A systematic review of loneliness and social isolation scales used in epidemics and pandemics.
Das A, Padala KP, Crawford CG, Teo A, Mendez DM, Phillips OA, Wright BC, House S, Padala PR. A systematic review of loneliness and social isolation scales used in epidemics and pandemics. Psychiatry Research. 2021 Dec 1; 306:114217.
The COVID-19 pandemic has heightened social isolation and loneliness. There is a lack of consensus on rating scales to measure these constructs. Our objectives were to identify commonly used loneliness and social isolation scales over the last two decades and test their user characteristics. 7928 articles were searched in PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and APA PsychINFO databases. 41 articles were included based on study criteria. Among fourteen scales reported, UCLA 3-item loneliness scale was found to be most commonly used. The scale is specifically developed for telephone use and is the fastest taking less than a minute for self-administration.