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Barriers and facilitators to interprofessional collaborative practice for community-dwelling older adults: An integrative review.

Montano AR, Cornell PY, Gravenstein S. Barriers and facilitators to interprofessional collaborative practice for community-dwelling older adults: An integrative review. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2021 Aug 17.

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Abstract:

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this integrative review was to synthesise empirical reports of interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) for community-dwelling older adults and uncover barriers and facilitators related to its success as a model of care for this population. BACKGROUND: IPCP is a model of care that has demonstrated positive outcomes for community-dwelling older adults. However, a summary of barriers and facilitators to IPCP models has not been presented. METHODS: An integrative review using the method posited by Whittemore and Knafl was completed to identify barriers and facilitators to IPCP for community-dwelling older adults. The literature search was reported following PRISMA guidelines. RESULTS: Four themes emerged as barriers to IPCP: (1) A (Potential) Logistical Nightmare, (2) All About the Money, (3) If We Can''t Test It, Can We Recommend It? and (4) Challenging for the Team, Challenging for the Client. Three themes emerged as facilitators to IPCP: (1) Reducing Resource Waste, (2) The "C" in IPCP and (3) What Matters Most. CONCLUSIONS: IPCP models for community-dwelling older adults must adapt to the setting of care and client needs. Interprofessional education opportunities for team members facilitate effective IPCP. Healthcare policies and funding structures need to address IPCP for community-dwelling older adults for this model to be successful and sustainable. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Nurses participate on and lead IPCP teams caring for community-dwelling older adults and, therefore, need to be aware of barriers and facilitators to this model of care.





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