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Technology-Facilitated Depression Self-Management Linked with Lay Supporters and Primary Care Clinics: Randomized Controlled Trial in a Low-Income Sample.
Aikens JE, Valenstein M, Plegue MA, Sen A, Marinec N, Achtyes E, Piette JD. Technology-Facilitated Depression Self-Management Linked with Lay Supporters and Primary Care Clinics: Randomized Controlled Trial in a Low-Income Sample. Telemedicine journal and e-health : the official journal of the American Telemedicine Association. 2022 Mar 1; 28(3):399-406.
To test whether technology-facilitated self-management support improves depression in primary care settings. We randomized 204 low-income primary care patients who had at least moderate depressive symptoms to intervention or control. Intervention participants received 12 months of weekly automated interactive voice response telephone calls that assessed their symptom severity and provided self-management strategies. Their patient-nominated supporter (CarePartner) received corresponding guidance on self-management support, and their primary care team received urgent notifications. Those randomized to enhanced usual care received printed generic self-management instructions. One-year attrition rate was 14%. By month 6, symptom severity on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) decreased 2.5 points more in the intervention arm than in the control arm (95% CI -4.2 to -0.8, ? = 0.003). This benefit was similar at month 12 (? = 0.004). Intervention was also over twice as likely to lead to = 50% reduction in symptom severity by month 6 (OR? = 2.2 (1.1, 4.7)) and a decrease of = 5 PHQ-9 points by month 12 (OR? = 2.3 (1.2, 4.4)). Technology-facilitated self-management guidance with lay support and clinician notifications improves depression for primary care patients. Subsequent research should examine implementation and generalization to other chronic conditions. clinicaltrials.gov, identifier NCT01834534.