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Volume-outcome relationships for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients in the sleeve gastrectomy era.

Chao GF, Yang J, Thumma J, Chhabra KR, Arterburn DE, Ryan A, Telem DA, Dimick JB. Volume-outcome relationships for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients in the sleeve gastrectomy era. Surgical endoscopy. 2021 Sep 1.

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BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy is now the most common bariatric operation performed. With lower volumes of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), it is unclear whether decreasing surgeon experience has led to worsening outcomes for this procedure. METHODS: We used State Inpatient Databases from Florida, Iowa, New York, and Washington. Bariatric surgeons were designated as those who performed ten or more bariatric procedures yearly. Patients who had RYGB were included in our analysis. Using multi-level logistic regression, we examined whether surgeon average yearly RYGB volume was associated with RYGB patient 30-day complications, reoperations, and readmissions and 1-year revisions and readmissions. RESULTS: From 2013 to 2017 there were 27,714 patients who underwent laparoscopic RYGB by 311 surgeons. Median surgeon volume was 77 RYGBs per year. The distribution was 10 bypasses yearly at the 5th percentile, 16 bypasses at the 10th percentile, 38 bypasses at the 25th percentile, and 133 bypasses at the 75th percentile. Multi-level regression revealed that patients of surgeons with lower RYGB volumes had small but statistically significant increased risks of 30-day complications and 1-year readmissions. At 30 days, risk for any complication was 6.71%, 6.43%, and 5.55% at 10, 38, and 133 bypasses per year, respectively (p? = 0.01). Risk for readmission at 1 year was 13.90%, 13.67%, and 12.90% at 10, 38, and 133 bypasses per year, respectively (p? = 0.099). Of note, volume associations with complications and reoperations due to hemorrhage and leak were not statistically significant. There was also no significant association with revisions. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to examine the association of surgeon RYGB volume with patient outcomes as the national experience with RYGB diminishes. Overall, surgeon RYGB volume does not appear to have a large effect on patient outcomes. Thus, patients can safely pursue RYGB in this early phase of the sleeve gastrectomy era.

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