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Patients With Alcohol Use Disorders and Their Concerned Others: Concordance of Lived Experience as a Moderator of Treatment Outcomes.

Timko C, Cucciare MA, Grant KM, Young LB, Rossi FS, Lor MC, Woodhead E. Patients With Alcohol Use Disorders and Their Concerned Others: Concordance of Lived Experience as a Moderator of Treatment Outcomes. Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs. 2021 May 1; 82(3):395-400.

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OBJECTIVE: Growing up with an adult with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) is common and negatively affects adult functioning. This study examined two questions concerning the lived experience of growing up in a home with AUD. METHOD AND RESULTS: The first question asked how adults entering AUD treatment (n = 402) who had this lived experience (58%) compared to those who did not (42%) on indicators of alcohol use severity. Patients with lived experience reported alcohol use at a younger age, more times having been arrested and charged, and greater risk for future substance use. The second question examined concordance between patients and their concerned others on this lived experience (n = 277 dyads) and patients' treatment outcomes 3 months later. The associations between patients' lived experience and better treatment outcomes were stronger when patients' concerned others had a concordant lived experience. When patient-concerned other dyads reported concordant lived experiences at baseline, patients had lower substance use and risk scores at the 3-month follow-up than when the dyads reported discordant lived experiences with regard to growing up in a home with AUD; effect sizes were small. CONCLUSIONS: Concordance and discordance on this lived experience could be considered in treatment planning for patients with AUD and their concerned others. Providers could ask about each member's childhood and aim interventions at helping dyads discuss their childhoods in ways that validate each other's needs and provide emotional support, without stigmatization. Delivery may consider relationship type (spousal or other) and be in educational or treatment sessions that include the dyad or one member.

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