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Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a nationally representative adult population with inflammatory bowel disease without atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Agrawal T, Acquah I, Dey AK, Glassner K, Abraham B, Blankstein R, Virani SS, Blaha MJ, Valero-Elizondo J, Mehta N, Quigley EM, Cainzos-Achirica M, Nasir K. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a nationally representative adult population with inflammatory bowel disease without atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. American journal of preventive cardiology. 2021 Jun 1; 6:100171.

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Abstract:

Background and aims: Chronic inflammation is associated with premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). We studied the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs) amongst individuals with IBD who have not developed ASCVD. Methods: Our study population was derived from the 2015 - 2016 National Health Interview Survey. Those with ASCVD (defined as myocardial infarction, angina or stroke) were excluded. The prevalence of CRFs among individuals with IBD was compared with those without IBD. The odds CRFs among adults with IBD was assessed using logistic regression models. Results: In our study population of 60,155 individuals, 786 (1.3%) had IBD. IBD was associated with increased odds hypertension (odds ratio [OR] 1.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.39-2.09), diabetes (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.22-2.32), hypercholesterolemia (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.32-2.99) and insufficient physical activity (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.16-1.66). Conclusion: IBD is associated with higher prevalence of CRFs. Early screening and risk mitigation strategies are warranted.





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