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Recovery-oriented acute inpatient mental health care: Operationalization and measurement.

McGuire AB, Kukla M, Rollins AL, Garabrant J, Henry N, Eliacin J, Myers LJ, Flanagan ME, Hunt MG, Iwamasa GY, Bauer SM, Carter JL, Salyers MP. Recovery-oriented acute inpatient mental health care: Operationalization and measurement. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. 2021 Dec 1; 44(4):318-326.

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OBJECTIVE: The current article describes efforts to develop and test a measure of recovery-oriented inpatient care. METHOD: The Recovery-oriented Acute INpatient (RAIN) scale was based on prior literature and current Veterans Health Administration (VHA) policy and resources and further revised based on data collection from 34 VHA acute inpatient units. RESULTS: A final scale of 23, behaviorally anchored items demonstrated a four-factor structure including the following factors: inpatient treatment planning, outpatient treatment planning, group programming, and milieu. While several items require additional revision to address psychometric concerns, the scale demonstrated adequate model fit and was consistent with prior literature on recovery-oriented inpatient care. Conclusions and Implementations for Practice: The RAIN scale represents an important tool for future implementation and empirical study of recovery-oriented inpatient care. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).

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