Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Patient Portal Reminders for Pediatric Influenza Vaccinations: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Lerner C, Albertin C, Casillas A, Duru OK, Ong MK, Vangala S, Humiston S, Evans S, Sloyan M, Fox CR, Bogard JE, Friedman S, Szilagyi PG. Patient Portal Reminders for Pediatric Influenza Vaccinations: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Pediatrics. 2021 Aug 1; 148(2).

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: In a large health system, we evaluated the effectiveness of electronic health record patient portal reminders in increasing pediatric influenza vaccination rates. METHODS: We conducted an intention-to-treat randomized clinical trial of 22?046 children from 6 months to < 18 years of age in 53 primary care practices. Patients (or parent and/or proxies) who were active portal users were randomly assigned to receive reminder messages framed as gains or losses or no messages. They were separately randomly assigned to receive a precommitment message before the influenza season. The primary outcome was receipt of = 1 seasonal influenza vaccinations. Additionally, children 6 months to < 3 years of age due for a second influenza vaccine were randomly assigned to receive a reminder or no reminder for the second vaccination. RESULTS: First-dose influenza vaccination rates were 56.9% in the control group, 58.0% in the loss-frame reminders group ( = .07), and 58.0% in the gain-frame group ( = .47). Rates were 58.3% in the precommitment group versus 57.0% in the control group ( = .11). Adjusted risk ratios for first vaccination were 1.02 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-1.04) for loss-frame reminders, 1.01 (95% CI: 0.98-1.05) for gain-frame reminders, and 1.02 (95% CI: 1.00-1.04) for precommitment messages versus controls. Second-dose vaccination rates were 44.1% in the control group and 55.0% in the reminder group, with an adjusted risk ratio of 1.25 (95% CI: 1.07-1.45). CONCLUSIONS: Patient portal reminders for influenza vaccines in children, whether framed as gains or losses, did not increase first-dose influenza vaccination rates but were highly effective for the second dose of the vaccine.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.