Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Impact of intensity of behavioral treatment, with or without medication treatment, for opioid use disorder on HIV outcomes in persons with HIV.

Kennedy AJ, McGinnis KA, Merlin JS, Edelman EJ, Gordon AJ, Korthuis PT, Skanderson M, Williams EC, Wyse J, Oldfield B, Bryant K, Justice A, Fiellin DA, Kraemer KL. Impact of intensity of behavioral treatment, with or without medication treatment, for opioid use disorder on HIV outcomes in persons with HIV. Journal of substance abuse treatment. 2022 Jan 1; 132:108509.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Persons with HIV (PWH) and opioid use disorder (OUD) can have poor health outcomes. We assessed whether intensity of behavioral treatment for OUD (BOUD) with and without medication for OUD (MOUD) is associated with improved HIV clinical outcomes. METHODS: We used Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) data from 2008 to 2017 to identify PWH and OUD with = 1 BOUD episode. We assessed BOUD intensity and = 6 months of MOUD (methadone or buprenorphine) receipt during the 12 months after BOUD initiation. Linear regression models assessed the association of BOUD intensity and MOUD receipt with pre-post changes in log viral load (VL), CD4 cell count, VACS Index 2.0, antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation, and ART adherence. RESULTS: Among 2419 PWH who initiated BOUD, we identified five distinct BOUD intensity trajectories: single visit (39% of sample); low-intensity, not sustained (37%); high-intensity, not sustained (9%); low-intensity, sustained (11%); and high-intensity, sustained (5%). MOUD receipt was low (17%). Among 709 PWH not on ART at the start of BOUD, ART initiation increased with increased BOUD intensity (p  <  0.01). Among 1401 PWH on ART at the start of BOUD, ART adherence improved more in higher-intensity BOUD groups (p  <  0.01). VL, CD4 count and VACS Index 2.0 did not differ by BOUD or = 6 months of MOUD treatment. CONCLUSION: Among PWH and OUD who initiated BOUD, higher intensity BOUD was associated with improved ART initiation and adherence, but neither BOUD alone nor BOUD plus = 6 months MOUD was associated with improvements in VL, CD4 count or VACS Index 2.0.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.