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Microrandomized Trial Design for Evaluating Just-in-Time Adaptive Interventions Through Mobile Health Technologies for Cardiovascular Disease.

Golbus JR, Dempsey W, Jackson EA, Nallamothu BK, Klasnja P. Microrandomized Trial Design for Evaluating Just-in-Time Adaptive Interventions Through Mobile Health Technologies for Cardiovascular Disease. Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes. 2021 Feb 1; 14(2):e006760.

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Abstract:

Smartphone and wearable device use is rising broadly and can be leveraged for chronic disease management. Just-in-time adaptive interventions promise to deliver personalized, dynamic interventions directly to patients through use of push notifications from mobile devices. Although just-in-time adaptive interventions are a powerful tool for shaping health behavior, their application to cardiovascular disease management has been limited as they can be challenging to design. Herein, we provide a general overview and conceptual framework for microrandomized trials, a novel experimental study design that can be used to optimize just-in-time adaptive interventions. Microrandomized trials leverage mobile devices to sequentially randomize participants to types or levels of an intervention to determine the effectiveness of an intervention and time-varying moderators of those effects. Microrandomized trials are an efficient study design that can be used to determine which intervention components to include in just-in-time adaptive interventions and to optimize their decision rules while maintaining the strength of causal inference associated with traditional randomized controlled trials.





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