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Dissemination of cancer survivorship care plans: who is being left out?
Timsina LR, Zarzaur B, Haggstrom DA, Jenkins PC, Lustberg M, Obeng-Gyasi S. Dissemination of cancer survivorship care plans: who is being left out?. Supportive Care in Cancer : Official Journal of The Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer. 2021 Aug 1; 29(8):4295-4302.
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer (CoC) recommend a clear and effectively explained comprehensive survivorship care plan (SCP) be given to all cancer survivors. The objective of this study is to understand the relationship between social determinants of health (SDOH) and self-reported receipt of SCP by cancer survivors in the USA.
We analyzed an adult population of cancer survivors in the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System's (BRFSS) Survivorship modules. Weighted multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the association of SDOH and reported receipt of SCP.
There were 7061 cancer patients eligible for an SCP. The probability of reporting receipt of SCP decreased with lower educational achievement (high school/some college: AOR? = 0.82, 95% CI: 0.70-0.97, p? = 0.02; < high school: AOR? = 0.68, 95% CI: 0.47-0.97, p? = 0.03) compared to those with at least one college degree. Additionally, being widowed/divorced/separated (widowed/divorced/separated: AOR? = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.61-0.86, p? < 0.01 vs. married/cohabiting) and uninsured (uninsured: AOR? = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.0.34-0.80, p? < 0.01 vs. insured) increased the odds of not receiving an SCP. Younger patients were more likely to receive an SCP than those over 65 (18-24 years: AOR? = 6.62, 95% CI: 1.87-24.49, p? < 0.01 vs. 65+ years).
Among cancer survivors, SDOH such as low educational achievement, widowed/divorced/separated marital status, and being uninsured were associated with a lower likelihood of receiving an SCP. Future studies should evaluate how omission of SCP in these patients influences the quality of care during the transition from oncologists to primary care.