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Montgomery AE, Shipherd JC, Kauth MR, Harris KW, Blosnich JR. Use of Veterans Health Administration Homeless Programs Among Transgender and Non-Transgender Veterans Experiencing Self-Reported Housing Instability. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2020 Jan 1; 31(2):909-919.
INTRODUCTION: Transgender individuals have higher rates of housing instability than non-transgender individuals. This study assessed the extent to which unstably housed transgender veterans participated in Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Homeless Programs. METHODS: Using VHA medical record data for transgender (n = 491) and nontransgender (n = 473) veterans who self-reported housing instability during fiscal years 2013-2016, chi-square and t-tests identified differences in socio-demographic characteristics and services use; multiple logistic and negative binomial regression assessed the type and number of VHA Homeless Programs veterans used. RESULTS: A larger proportion of transgender veterans who self-reported housing instability used at least one VHA Homeless Program; transgender veterans had greater odds of using permanent supportive housing and homelessness prevention and rapid rehousing services. DISCUSSION: Transgender veterans' housing needs are being met by some VHA Homeless Programs; future research should assess long-term housing outcomes and why particular programs may be less acceptable to transgender veterans with the objective of developing programs to address their unique needs.