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Using geographic information systems to characterize food environments around historically black colleges and universities: Implications for nutrition interventions.

Vilme H, Paul CJ, Duke NN, Campbell SD, Sauls D, Muiruri C, Skinner AC, Bosworth H, Dokurugu YM, Fay JP. Using geographic information systems to characterize food environments around historically black colleges and universities: Implications for nutrition interventions. Journal of American College Health : J of Ach. 2022 Apr 1; 70(3):818-823.

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Abstract:

To understand the distribution of healthy and unhealthy food stores near historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs). Using ArcGIS Pros network analysis tools and ReferenceUSA database, this study characterized the healthy (favorable) and unhealthy (unfavorable) retail food stores within a 5-mile radius, 15-min driving, and 15-min walking distance from each HBCU in North Carolina. Most retail food stores within a 5-mile buffer radius of the 10 HBCUs in North Carolina were unfavorable. Within 15-min driving from each HBCU, 1082 stores (76.0%) were unfavorable food stores, while 332 (24.0%) were favorable. Additionally, there were four favorable and 35 unfavorable retail food stores within the 15-min walking distance of each HBCU. Favorable food retail stores around HBCUs in North Carolina are limited. Researchers, policy makers, and community stakeholders should work together to improve food environments surrounding HBCUs.





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