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Edelman EJ, Maisto SA, Hansen NB, Cutter CJ, Dziura J, Deng Y, Fiellin LE, O'Connor PG, Bedimo R, Gibert CL, Marconi VC, Rimland D, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Simberkoff MS, Tate JP, Justice AC, Bryant KJ, Fiellin DA. Integrated stepped alcohol treatment for patients with HIV and at-risk alcohol use: a randomized trial. Addiction science & clinical practice. 2020 Jul 29; 15(1):28.
BACKGROUND: At-risk levels of alcohol use threaten the health of patients with HIV (PWH), yet evidence-based strategies to decrease alcohol use and improve HIV-related outcomes in this population are lacking. We examined the effectiveness of integrated stepped alcohol treatment (ISAT) on alcohol use and HIV outcomes among PWH and at-risk alcohol use. METHODS: In this multi-site, randomized trial conducted between January 28, 2013 through July 14, 2017, we enrolled PWH and at-risk alcohol use [defined as alcohol consumption of? = 14 drinks per week or? = 4 drinks per occasion in men? = 65 years old or? = 7 drinks per week or? = 3 drinks per occasion in women or men? > 65 years old]. ISAT (n? = 46) involved: Step 1- Brief Negotiated Interview with telephone booster, Step 2- Motivational Enhancement Therapy, and Step 3- Addiction Physician Management. Treatment as usual (TAU) (n? = 47) involved receipt of a health handout plus routine care. Analyses were conducted based on intention to treat principles. RESULTS: Despite a multi-pronged approach, we only recruited 37% of the target population (n? = 93/254). Among ISAT participants, 50% advanced to Step 2, among whom 57% advanced to Step 3. Participants randomized to ISAT and TAU had no observed difference in drinks per week over the past 30 days at week 24 (primary outcome) [least square means (Ls mean) (95% CI)? = 8.8 vs. 10.6; adjusted mean difference (AMD) (95% CI)? = - 0.4 (- 3.9, 3.0)]. CONCLUSION: An insufficient number of patients were interested in participating in the trial. Efforts to enhance motivation of PWH with at-risk alcohol use to engage in alcohol-related research and build upon ISAT are needed. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01410123, First posted August 4, 2011.