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Barriers to cardiovascular disease preventive behaviors among OEF/OIF/OND women and men veterans.
Cavanagh CE, Rosman L, Chui PW, Bastian L, Brandt C, Haskell S, Burg MM. Barriers to cardiovascular disease preventive behaviors among OEF/OIF/OND women and men veterans. Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association. 2020 Apr 1; 39(4):298-306.
OEF/OIF/OND Veterans have an elevated risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), but research suggests that engagement in CVD preventive behaviors is low even among at-risk individuals. It is critical to understand barriers to prevention engagement among Veterans to inform the development of tailored interventions addressing barriers and reducing CVD incidence.
The Women Veterans Cohort Study survey of OEF/OIF/OND Veterans (586 women and 555 men) assessed patient, interpersonal, and systems level barriers to CVD risk prevention. Prevalence of barriers was determined, and chi-squares were conducted to examine sex differences. Multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to determine if sex differences remained when adjusting for demographic factors (age, marital status, education, employment status).
Despite a low response rate (11.5%), endorsement of barriers was high for both women and men, with most (56.8%) not perceiving themselves to be at CVD risk. More men preferred making no lifestyle change (40.9% vs. 29.1%). More women endorsed lack of confidence (42.4% vs. 36.1%), stress (36.9% vs. 27.8%) and depression (36.9% vs. 27.8%), and inadequate social support (26% vs. 20.9%), along with the belief that their clinician does not perceive them as at risk (57.8% vs. 32%) and has not explained CVD preventive behaviors (19% vs. 12.3%). Multivariate analyses reduced statistical significance of sex differences.
Given the low response rate, testing of efforts-for example, implementation science methods-to assess CVD risk reduction barriers in this population are needed, a task for which the Veterans Health Administration is well suited. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).