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Study design and implementation of the PRecision Medicine In MEntal health Care (PRIME Care) Trial.
Oslin DW, Chapman S, Duvall SL, Gelernter J, Ingram EP, Kranzler HR, Lehmann LS, Lynch JA, Lynch KG, Pyne JM, Shih MC, Stone A, Thase ME, Wray LO. Study design and implementation of the PRecision Medicine In MEntal health Care (PRIME Care) Trial. Contemporary clinical trials. 2021 Feb 1; 101:106247.
Genomic testing has the potential to improve patient outcomes and reduce patient care costs by personalizing medication selection. Commercial pharmacogenetic (PGx) testing for psychotropic and other medications is widely available and promoted as a means to implement "precision medicine." Despite evidence that genetic variation affects the metabolism of psychotropic medications, the clinical utility of these test results has not been established. Moreover, implementing such testing in routine clinical care is complex, requiring informatics support and a systematic approach to patient and provider education. The PRIME Care program is designed to bridge this gap, applying both clinical trials and implementation science methods to conduct a program of research. It is centered on a large, pragmatic randomized clinical trial (RCT) in which 2000 Veterans with a major depressive disorder (MDD) and their health care providers are randomized together to receive PGx test results at the beginning of an episode of care or 6 months later. We hypothesize that providers who receive the PGx test results will prescribe an antidepressant guided by the PGx findings and Veterans whose care is guided by PGx testing will experience higher rates of remission from MDD. If the results of the trial replicate those of prior PGx studies, which provided preliminary evidence of the utility of PGx guided prescribing, it would strongly support using a precision medicine approach to treat MDD. This program of research is also evaluating dissemination influencers, other biomarkers (e.g., genetic variation associated with depression response), and the health care cost implications of PGx testing. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03170362.