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Feasibility of Diabetes Self-Management Telehealth Education for Older Adults During Transitions in Care.

Whitehouse CR, Long JA, Maloney LM, Daniels K, Horowitz DA, Bowles KH. Feasibility of Diabetes Self-Management Telehealth Education for Older Adults During Transitions in Care. Research in gerontological nursing. 2020 May 1; 13(3):138-145.

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The current study investigated the feasibility of telehealth-delivered diabetes self-management education and support (DSMES) for older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus following hospital discharge. The intervention included one in-person home visit and follow-up weekly virtual DSMES for 4 additional weeks. Diabetes knowledge was measured at baseline and completion of the program. The Telehealth Usability Questionnaire was completed following the final session. Hemoglobin A1C (A1C) level was abstracted from the electronic health record at baseline and 3 months post hospital discharge. Hospital re-admissions were measured at 30 days post index hospital stay. Of the 20 patients enrolled, 12 completed the intervention. The most common reason for attrition was discharge to a skilled nursing facility (3/20). Participants who completed the intervention increased their diabetes knowledge scores. A1C values decreased by 1.1%, and there were no hospital readmissions for any patient who completed the program. Participants described the program as useful and were satisfied with the program. These results suggest that it is feasible to identify and enroll patients in a telehealth education program for diabetes during hospital admission. [Research in Gerontological Nursing, 13(3), 138-145.].

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