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Triglycerides and ASCVD Risk Reduction: Recent Insights and Future Directions.

Hussain A, Ballantyne CM, Saeed A, Virani SS. Triglycerides and ASCVD Risk Reduction: Recent Insights and Future Directions. Current Atherosclerosis Reports. 2020 Jun 3; 22(7):25.

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on recent evidence examining the role triglycerides (TG) and triglyceride-enriched lipoproteins (TGRL) play in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). It also provides a succinct overview of current and future TG-lowering therapies for ASCVD risk reduction. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiological and Mendelian randomization studies have consistently shown that TGRL are strongly associated with ASCVD. REDUCE-IT demonstrated cardiovascular benefit with icosapent ethyl in high-risk patients with hypertriglyceridemia on statin therapy. Polymorphisms in APOC3 and ANGPTL3 are associated with ASCVD and use of RNA-interfering therapies to target these proteins has shown TG lowering in early phase trials. TG and TGRL are causally associated with ASCVD. Lifestyle modifications and statin therapy can lower TG/TGRL and are considered first-line treatment for hypertriglyceridemia. Icosapent ethyl has been shown to reduce residual ASCVD risk in high-risk patients on maximally tolerated statins. Ongoing clinical trials will better define optimal therapy for patients on statins with residual hypertriglyceridemia.

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