Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Circumferential Resection Margin as a Hospital Quality Assessment Tool for Rectal Cancer Surgery.

Patel SH, Hu CY, Massarweh NN, You YN, McCabe R, Dietz D, Facktor MA, Chang GJ. Circumferential Resection Margin as a Hospital Quality Assessment Tool for Rectal Cancer Surgery. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2020 Jun 1; 230(6):1008-1018.e5.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


BACKGROUND: Circumferential resection margin (CRM) status is an important predictor of outcomes after rectal cancer operation, and is influenced not only by operative technique, but also by incorporation of a multidisciplinary treatment strategy. This study sought to develop a risk-adjusted quality metric based on CRM status to assess hospital-level performance for rectal cancer operation. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of 58,374 patients with resected stage I to III rectal cancer within 1,303 hospitals who were identified from the National Cancer Database (2010 to 2015). The number of observed cases with a positive CRM ( = 1 mm) was divided by the risk-adjusted expected number of cases with positive CRM to form the observed-to-expected (O/E) ratio. Secondary endpoint was overall survival. RESULTS: The overall rate of CRM positivity was 15.9%. Based on the O/E ratio for 1,139 hospitals, 147 (12.9%) and 103 (9.0%) were significantly worse and better performers, respectively. The majority of hospitals (n  = 570) performed as expected. Positive CRMs using criteria of 0 mm and 0.1 to 1 mm were associated with a significantly shorter 5-year overall survival of 49% and 63.5% (hazard ratio 1.67; 95% CI, 1.57 to 1.76 and hazard ratio 1.19; 95% CI, 1.12 to 1.26) than negative CRM > 1 mm of 74.1% (all p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CRM-based O/E ratio is a robust hospital-based quality measure for rectal cancer operation. It allows facilities to compare their performance with that of centers of similar characteristics and helps identify underperforming, at-risk, and high-performing centers. National quality-improvement initiatives for rectal cancer should focus on ensuring high-quality data collection and providing ready access to risk-adjusted comparative metrics.

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.