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Tailoring an evidence-based lifestyle intervention to meet the needs of women Veterans with prediabetes.

Dyer KE, Moreau JL, Finley E, Bean-Mayberry B, Farmer MM, Bernet D, Kress A, Lewis JL, Batuman FK, Haskell SG, Hamilton AB, Moin T. Tailoring an evidence-based lifestyle intervention to meet the needs of women Veterans with prediabetes. Women & health. 2020 Aug 1; 60(7):748-762.

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Prediabetes affects one-third of U.S. adults. Lifestyle change interventions, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), can significantly lower type 2 diabetes risk, but little is known about how the DPP could be best adapted for women. This mixed-methods study assessed the impact of gender-tailoring and modality choice on DPP engagement among women Veterans with prediabetes. Participants were offered women-only groups and either in-person/peer-led or online modalities. Implementation outcomes were assessed using attendance logs, recruitment calls, and semi-structured interviews about patient preferences. Between June 2016 and March 2017, 119 women Veterans enrolled in the DPP ( = 51 in-person, = 68 online). We conducted 22 interviews between August and September 2016 ( = 10 early-implementation) and March and July 2017 ( = 12 follow-up). Most interviewees preferred women-only groups, citing increased comfort, camaraderie, and mutual understanding of gender-specific barriers to lifestyle change. More women preferred online DPP, and those using this modality participated at higher rates. Most endorsed the importance of modality choice and were satisfied with their selection; however, selection was frequently based on participants'' personal circumstances and access barriers and not on a "preferred choice" of two equally accessible options. Patient engagement and program reach can be expanded by tailoring the DPP for population-specific needs.

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