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Real-world lung cancer screening decision-making: Barriers and facilitators.

Lowenstein M, Vijayaraghavan M, Burke NJ, Karliner L, Wang S, Peters M, Lozano A, Kaplan CP. Real-world lung cancer screening decision-making: Barriers and facilitators. Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 2019 Jul 1; 133:32-37.

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OBJECTIVE: To explore 1) attitudes and priorities among physicians and patients that inform shared decision-making about lung cancer screening in real-world settings and 2) physician and patient perceptions of shared decision-making in real-world lung cancer screening (LCS) practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study of 12 physicians and 30 patients meeting LCS screening criteria established by the US Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) from two academic primary care practices; one university clinic and one safety net clinic. Interview guides focused on knowledge and attitudes about LCS and experiences with patient-physician communication. RESULTS: Physicians offered LCS inconsistently and were ambivalent about screening because of potential harms, including false positive results, incidental findings, and radiation exposure. Physicians felt that they were incorporating shared decision-making into screening, although they acknowledged that challenges with screening communication posed barriers to shared decision-making. Patients were generally accepting of lung cancer screening. They expressed fewer concerns about screening-related harms but more personal or emotional concerns related to lung cancer. Patients perceived limited shared decision-making in their encounters, but were generally satisfied with the more physician-directed decision-making process. CONCLUSION: Physicians and patients expressed different concerns about LCS and different perceptions about the use of shared decision-making. Findings from this real-world population of screening-eligible patients can be used to inform the design of future interventions to facilitate communication and decision-making tailored to perspectives of both physicians and patients.

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